Mammography is an X-ray in which the breast is squeezed between two plates, in order to detect the presence of potentially tumoral formations. It is therefore performed when on breast palpation a nodule is present, or when there are other signs requiring an in-depth diagnostic procedure. Mammography is furthermore performed as a screening test to try and discover a breast disease before it becomes manifest.
Breast echography is a simple and safe investigation based on the emission of high-intensity and low-frequency Ultrasounds which do not cause any harm to the body. The probe is in contact with the breasts, which are covered with a thin film of watery gel giving better quality images. The ultrasounds emitted by the probe are reflected in different ways according to the type of tissue. This allows detecting any neoplasms within the breast and distinguishing between those with a liquid or with a solid content.
In most cases a breast echography is performed together with a mammography and the two exams are complementary. In younger women, in whom the glandular tissue is denser, echography gives more information than mammography.